Turkey is regaining its ability to act in Syria, although it is proceeding as the weaker partner, one which is dependent on Russia.
The withdrawal of Russian forces from Syria is only partial and is essentially a political operation.
Russia has gained the United States’ formal recognition of its role as a co-decision maker in resolving the Syrian question.
The conflict between the regime forces and the anti-Assad opposition appears to be entering the decisive military phase.
Germany is ever more engaged politically in the Middle East and wants to be viewed as a neutral mediator between the competing actors in the region.
Ankara is cooperating with Saudi Arabia intensively in an attempt to create a counterbalance to the influences of Russia and Iran in Syria.
The Chinese government perceives Russia's military intervention in Syria as an element of the global fight against terrorism.
The statement adopted during the summit is merely a framework document.
The shooting of the Russian plane by Turkey puts the West in a very difficult situation.
The Kremlin has been using the attacks in Paris to persuade the West to fundamentally shift its policy towards Syria – and also towards Russia.