On 20 January, Turkey launched Operation Olive Branch, aimed at the Afrin region in northern Syria.
On 7th January the Syrian army launched an offensive against the Sunni opposition forces in the Idlib province.
On 22 November the presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran, Vladimir Putin, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Hasan Rouhani, met in Sochi.
On 19th September President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced the end of the first stage of the Turkish intervention in Syria and the beginning of another one.
Turkey is regaining its ability to act in Syria, although it is proceeding as the weaker partner, one which is dependent on Russia.
The conflict between the regime forces and the anti-Assad opposition appears to be entering the decisive military phase.
Ankara is cooperating with Saudi Arabia intensively in an attempt to create a counterbalance to the influences of Russia and Iran in Syria.
The statement adopted during the summit is merely a framework document.
The shooting of the Russian plane by Turkey puts the West in a very difficult situation.
Moscow’s recent moves prove that it still has a strong influence in the Middle East – but this is above all the potential for destabilisation.