Publications

The crisis in EU-Russia relations over Ukraine has made the two players interested in the Southern Gas Corridor once again.

Point of View
2015-08-20
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

The construction of the second branch of the Baku–Tbilisi–Erzurum gas pipeline began on 20 September in Baku.

Analyses
2014-09-24
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

Western firms are withdrawing from projects linked to the Southern Corridor probably due to the declining commercial attractiveness of these projects.

Analyses
2014-06-04
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

On 26 June the Austrian holding, OMV announced that the consortium operating in Shah Deniz, the largest gas field in Azerbaijan, had not selected the Nabucco West project as its route for Azerbaijani gas to Europe. Despite there being no official information from Azerbaijan, it appears that the preferred route for gas supplies to Europe will be via the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP).

Analyses
2013-06-26
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

The Southern Gas Corridor is a European Commission initiative with the aim of facilitating the diversification of the routes and sources of gas imported into Europe in the hope of reducing the EU’s dependence on Russia. Although the Southern Gas Corridor – alongside the EU’s flagship Nabucco project, which constitutes a part of the Corridor – was originally conceived as a means of furthering the interests of the West (officially the EU but in practice also the US), the implementation of the project has become possible almost exclusively thanks to measures taken by Azerbaijan and Turkey.

OSW Commentary
2012-07-18
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz
On 26 October, Turkey and Azerbaijan signed a number of complex agreements determining the rules for the transit, supply volumes and prices of gas which Azerbaijan exports to Turkey (these documents had been undergoing negotiation for around three years, and their finalisation had been postponed several times due to conflicts of interests).
Analyses
2011-11-09
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz
On 27 July, the Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan paid a visit to Baku. Despite the elaborate ceremonial, the visit did not bring about any concrete results; first of all, contrary to previous announcements, no agreement was signed on the transit of Azerbaijani gas through Turkey. The differences between Azerbaijan and Turkey pose a serious problem for the EU, as they may further delay the implementation of the Southern Gas Corridor, a project of strategic importance for Brussels.
Analyses
2011-08-10
On 15 July, the Azerbaijani energy company SOCAR expressed an interest in participating in the planned privatisation of the Greek company DEPA, which is involved in the Turkey-Greece-Italy (ITGI) pipeline project. If SOCAR purchased the shares issued for sale (from 55% to 90% of the total), this would increase the chances that the consortium involved in the ITGI project would be able to obtain Azerbaijani gas. Thus, the ITGI  project would give a kickstart to the EU-promoted Southern Gas Corridor, and not the competing Nabucco project, which the EU would de facto prefer.
Analyses
2011-07-27
On 1 April, a compressor for the gas pipeline from Azerbaijan to Iran was handed over for use, which means the throughput of this route can be increased to up to 1 billion m³ of gas per year. These two countries have thus started to implement the contract they signed this January, which significantly increases the supply of gas from Azerbaijan to Iran. The construction of the compressor and the implementation of the contract are proof that Baku is continuing its policy of diversifying the routes and the customers for its gas.
Analyses
2011-04-06

Although the launch of the corridor on the basis of Azeri gas is presently a near-certainty, it has not yet been established via which route nor under what conditions the gas will be transmitted into Europe. In practice, Azerbaijan will decide the shape and route of the corridor, on the basis of their own calculations.

Analyses
2011-01-19
Aleksandra Jarosiewicz

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