Since its 'Rose Revolution' of 2003, Georgia has become the most spectacular example in the CIS of the export of a Western economic policy model: an example of success in building up efficient state structures, a state which was not broken by losing a war with Russia, and which still retains strong ties with the West.
Zainicjowana w maju 2011 roku, kilka miesięcy po awarii elektrowni atomowej w Fukushimie transformacja energetyczna RFN przedstawiana jest jako decyzja ostateczna, a ze względu na narzucone tempo zmian stanowi nową jakość w strategii energetycznej Niemiec. Głównymi jej założeniami są: rezygnacja z energii jądrowej do 2022 roku, rozwój odnawialnych źródeł energii (OZE), rozbudowa sieci przesyłowych, budowa nowych elektrowni konwencjonalnych i wzrost efektywności energetycznej.
On 14 December US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta signed a decision about the deployment in Turkey of two batteries of the Patriot anti-ballistic missile system and 400 troops as personnel, auxiliary and intelligence services.
On 12 December the first session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, elected in October this year, was held. The council is made up of the following parties: the Party of Regions (210 MPs, out of whom 25 elected as independent deputies), Batkivshchyna (99 MPs, two deputies did not join the party) UDAR (42 MPs, including two independents), Svoboda (37 MPs) and the Communist Party of Ukraine (32 MPs), 24 MPs elected as independent candidates remain outside the party groupings.
On 15 December anti-government rallies were held in Moscow and several other towns in Russia. They were organised on the anniversary of last year's protests against the rigging of the parliamentary elections. The largest gathering in Moscow on Lubyanka Square was not authorised by the government.
Russia’s deputy foreign minister, Grigory Karasin, and the Special Representative for Relations with Russia, Zurab Abashidze, met for talks on 14 December in Geneva. These have been the first direct official talks between representatives of the two countries since the Russian-Georgian war in 2008.
The new government of Lithuania led by Algirdas Butkevicius, a Social Democrat, won a vote of confidence in parliament on 13 December. The coalition, which has a constitutional majority, has been formed by centre-left groupings: the Social Democrats, the Labour Party, Order and Justice, and the Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania (AWPL).
On 3–5 December the CDU convention was held in Hanover. Chancellor Angela Merkel was elected the head of the party for the next term, receiving the support of 97.7% of her party. This was her best result since 2000 when she became the party leader for the first time. Her deputies were also elected - this group was expanded from four to five people – and the party chairs and the leadership.
Moscow has reacted sharply to the US Senate’s adoption on 6 December of the 'Magnitsky Act', which imposes visa and financial sanctions against Russian government officials involved in the investigation against the lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, who died in prison in 2009. Just five days later, the President of the State Duma Sergei Naryshkin introduced a similar bill providing for sanctions against American citizens who have violated the rights of Russians.
The Social-Liberal Union (USL) was the clear winner of the parliamentary election in Romania, held on 9 December. The USL had been in power since May 2012 and is a centre-left coalition of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the National Liberal Party (PNL) and the Conservative Party (PC). USL obtained nearly 60% of the vote.