On 27 November, President Viktor Yanukovych signed a bill on national referendums, which allows laws to be made without any involvement by parliament. There is no provision for the parliament to take part in either the preparation of the referendum or the implementation of its results. To have a referendum called, it will be enough for an organising committee to gather three million signatures; the referendum’s results will be valid regardless of the turnout, and will come into force directly (the President cannot refuse to sign legislation which has been approved in a referendum). Referendums can be used to enact and repeal laws, and to adopt a new constitution (although the current revision of the constitution preserves the existing parliamentary procedure). Projects for such laws (including the constitution) will be presented by organising committees. Referendums may also be used to resolve political issues, such as consent to the free buying and selling of agricultural land, the status of the Russian language, or the concepts and terms of international cooperation.